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Why Do You Lose Weight When You Have Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic problem where the system does not use energy properly. One of the signs and symptoms of diabetes is sudden and unexplained weight reduction. Excessive hunger and thirst are two additional symptoms, and sufferers with untreated diabetes may see themselves losing weight even as they are eating and drinking above usual. There are various reasons why diabetes patients lose weight, however to better realise why weight loss happens, you have to explore how diabetes impacts the body. 

Why Do You Lose Weight When You Have Diabetes

Under regular situations, your body transforms food into sugar throughout the digestive process. The sugar goes into your bloodstream and the pancreas, a small organ behind the liver, release a chemical called insulin. Insulin shows all the cells within the body to take sugar from the blood and transform it to energy, which the cells use as fuel.

Types of Diabetes
There are a couple of types of diabetes mellitus -- type 1 and type 2. With type 1 diabetes, the system either does not make insulin, or it does not make enough, and the cells certainly not get the chemical signal to soak up sugar from the blood. With type 2 diabetes, the system makes insulin however the cells do not react to the chemical signals, or they react incorrectly. In both situations, the sugar remains in the bloodstream, where the system simply cannot use it for energy.

Results of Diabetes
When the cells find it difficult to use sugar for energy, they deliver a signal to the brain which they require more fuel. The brain after that causes the hunger reaction to encourage you to eat, therefore the excessive hunger that usually happens with diabetes. However, the more you eat, the more sugar goes into your bloodstream rather than in the cells, where it belongs. You kidneys after that need to work overtime to clear the sugar from the blood through the urine. The kidneys need to use lots of water to flush out the sugar, therefore the excessive thirst.

Why Do You Lose Weight When You Have Diabetes

Diabetes and Weight Loss
Besides triggering the hunger response, the brain additionally breaks down muscle tissue and body fat in order to provide energy for the cells. It is this process which causes the sudden weight loss related to diabetes. If the problem continues, untreated, the body may go into ketoacidosis, based on “The Principles of Anatomy and Physiology.” In ketoacidosis, the system generates chemicals known as ketones from breaking down fats too quickly. These types of ketones enter the bloodstream and make the blood acidic, which could result in organ harm and even death.